The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimate that the number of diabetic retinopathy sufferers in the United States will double by 2050. People with hypertension are also at greater risk of developing retinopathy. If you suffer from diabetes or hypertension, it’s vitally important to watch out for retinopathy by seeing retina expert Anu Patel, MD, at Retina Institute of Michigan. Dr. Patel can diagnose, monitor, and skillfully treat retinopathy to prevent vision loss. Call the office in Bingham Farms, Michigan, or book your appointment online at your convenience.
Retinopathy is an eye disease that causes serious damage to your retina. Retinopathy can be caused by diabetes, high blood pressure, or other medical conditions or medications. It can also be the result of conditions unique to the eye.
Diabetic retinopathy is an eye disease in which high blood glucose levels weaken the small blood vessels inside your retina. These blood vessels start breaking down and can start seeping fluid within and underneath your retina. This, in turn, causes retinal swelling that can negatively affect your vision. This is called nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy, and it can grow worse if untreated.
In the more severe type of diabetic retinopathy, proliferative diabetic retinopathy, your damaged blood vessels seal off, and your retina responds by growing fragile new blood vessels. These blood vessels are prone to rupture, which can lead to leakage and scarring.
Hypertensive retinopathy is caused by uncontrolled high blood pressure. High blood pressure may cause retinal blood vessel thickening. This, in turn, narrows the vessels and limits blood supply to your retina. It may also cause retinal swelling.
Without treatment, retinopathy could lead to other serious eye problems like retinal detachment or total vision loss.
Include a section here on Retinal Vein Occlusions (also known as central retinal vein occlusion, CRVO, and branch retinal vein occlusion, BRVO).
In the initial stages, you usually don’t have symptoms. But, Dr. Patel can see the changes in your eye during a comprehensive eye exam and can diagnose the condition during its early stages.
If you start having any of the following symptoms, you could have diabetic retinopathy.
Hypertensive retinopathy symptoms can include:
In most cases, retinopathy happens in both eyes at once.
If you have diabetes or high blood pressure, you should have a dilated eye exam at least once a year. Treatment depends on the type and stage of your retinopathy, but with both types, it’s crucial to manage the underlying condition. If your blood glucose or blood pressure are tightly controlled, it can slow retinopathy progression.
Hypertensive retinopathy is usually treated with medication and lifestyle changes. Diabetic retinopathy can require laser therapy and/or surgery to repair damage in your retina.
For retinopathy help from the best specialist in the Detroit area, call Retina Institute of Michigan or book online today.